Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit den uns heute bekanntesten Wikinger Symbole sowie auch andere Wikingersymbole der nordischen Kultur, Mythologie. Ein Symbol für die Brüderlichkeit, heißt es in der Erklärung. Der unterste Teil des Buchstaben “V” ist der Kern und die Ausgangslage, der sich. Viking Tattoos are very popular among men and women, because it carries a mystical meaning. Vikings were famed for their courage, be it bravery in battle or the.
viking symboleEin Symbol für die Brüderlichkeit, heißt es in der Erklärung. Der unterste Teil des Buchstaben “V” ist der Kern und die Ausgangslage, der sich. Viking Tattoos are very popular among men and women, because it carries a mystical meaning. Vikings were famed for their courage, be it bravery in battle or the. Vikings used a number of ancient symbols based on Norse mythology. Symbols played a vital role in the Viking society and were used to represent their gods.
Vikings Zeichen Mjöllnir, Thor Hammer VideoVARG - Fara Til Ránar (Official Video) - Napalm Records
The Viking raids were, however, the first to be documented in writing by eyewitnesses, and they were much larger in scale and frequency than in previous times.
Vikings themselves were expanding; although their motives are unclear, historians believe that scarce resources or a lack of mating opportunities were a factor.
The "Highway of Slaves" was a term for a route that the Vikings found to have a direct pathway from Scandinavia to Constantinople and Baghdad while traveling on the Baltic Sea.
With the advancements of their ships during the ninth century, the Vikings were able to sail to Kievan Rus and some northern parts of Europe.
Jomsborg was a semi-legendary Viking stronghold at the southern coast of the Baltic Sea medieval Wendland , modern Pomerania , that existed between the s and Its inhabitants were known as Jomsvikings.
Jomsborg's exact location, or its existence, has not yet been established, though it is often maintained that Jomsborg was somewhere on the islands of the Oder estuary.
While the Vikings were active beyond their Scandinavian homelands, Scandinavia was itself experiencing new influences and undergoing a variety of cultural changes.
By the late 11th century, royal dynasties were legitimised by the Catholic Church which had had little influence in Scandinavia years earlier which were asserting their power with increasing authority and ambition, with the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden taking shape.
Towns appeared that functioned as secular and ecclesiastical administrative centres and market sites, and monetary economies began to emerge based on English and German models.
Christianity had taken root in Denmark and Norway with the establishment of dioceses in the 11th century, and the new religion was beginning to organise and assert itself more effectively in Sweden.
Foreign churchmen and native elites were energetic in furthering the interests of Christianity, which was now no longer operating only on a missionary footing, and old ideologies and lifestyles were transforming.
By , the first archbishopric was founded in Scandinavia, at Lund , Scania, then part of Denmark. The assimilation of the nascent Scandinavian kingdoms into the cultural mainstream of European Christendom altered the aspirations of Scandinavian rulers and of Scandinavians able to travel overseas, and changed their relations with their neighbours.
One of the primary sources of profit for the Vikings had been slave-taking from other European peoples. The medieval Church held that Christians should not own fellow Christians as slaves, so chattel slavery diminished as a practice throughout northern Europe.
This took much of the economic incentive out of raiding, though sporadic slaving activity continued into the 11th century. Scandinavian predation in Christian lands around the North and Irish Seas diminished markedly.
The kings of Norway continued to assert power in parts of northern Britain and Ireland, and raids continued into the 12th century, but the military ambitions of Scandinavian rulers were now directed toward new paths.
In , Sigurd I of Norway sailed for the eastern Mediterranean with Norwegian crusaders to fight for the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem , and Danes and Swedes participated energetically in the Baltic Crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries.
A variety of sources illuminate the culture, activities, and beliefs of the Vikings. Although they were generally a non-literate culture that produced no literary legacy, they had an alphabet and described themselves and their world on runestones.
Most contemporary literary and written sources on the Vikings come from other cultures that were in contact with them.
The most important primary sources on the Vikings are contemporary texts from Scandinavia and regions where the Vikings were active.
Most contemporary documentary sources consist of texts written in Christian and Islamic communities outside Scandinavia, often by authors who had been negatively affected by Viking activity.
Later writings on the Vikings and the Viking Age can also be important for understanding them and their culture, although they need to be treated cautiously.
After the consolidation of the church and the assimilation of Scandinavia and its colonies into the mainstream of medieval Christian culture in the 11th and 12th centuries, native written sources begin to appear in Latin and Old Norse.
In the Viking colony of Iceland, an extraordinary vernacular literature blossomed in the 12th through 14th centuries, and many traditions connected with the Viking Age were written down for the first time in the Icelandic sagas.
A literal interpretation of these medieval prose narratives about the Vikings and the Scandinavian past is doubtful, but many specific elements remain worthy of consideration, such as the great quantity of skaldic poetry attributed to court poets of the 10th and 11th centuries, the exposed family trees, the self images, the ethical values, that are contained in these literary writings.
Indirectly, the Vikings have also left a window open onto their language, culture and activities, through many Old Norse place names and words found in their former sphere of influence.
Some of these place names and words are still in direct use today, almost unchanged, and shed light on where they settled and what specific places meant to them.
Viking influence is also evident in concepts like the present-day parliamentary body of the Tynwald on the Isle of Man.
Some modern words and names only emerge and contribute to our understanding after a more intense research of linguistic sources from medieval or later records, such as York Horse Bay , Swansea Sveinn 's Isle or some of the place names in Normandy like Tocqueville Toki's farm.
Linguistic and etymological studies continue to provide a vital source of information on the Viking culture, their social structure and history and how they interacted with the people and cultures they met, traded, attacked or lived with in overseas settlements.
It has been speculated that the reason for this was the great differences between the two languages, combined with the Rus' Vikings more peaceful businesses in these areas and the fact that they were outnumbered.
The Norse named some of the rapids on the Dnieper , but this can hardly be seen from the modern names. The Norse of the Viking Age could read and write and used a non-standardised alphabet, called runor , built upon sound values.
While there are few remains of runic writing on paper from the Viking era, thousands of stones with runic inscriptions have been found where Vikings lived.
They are usually in memory of the dead, though not necessarily placed at graves. The use of runor survived into the 15th century, used in parallel with the Latin alphabet.
The runestones are unevenly distributed in Scandinavia: Denmark has runestones, Norway has 50 while Iceland has none. The Swedish district of Uppland has the highest concentration with as many as 1, inscriptions in stone, whereas Södermanland is second with The majority of runic inscriptions from the Viking period are found in Sweden.
Many runestones in Scandinavia record the names of participants in Viking expeditions, such as the Kjula runestone that tells of extensive warfare in Western Europe and the Turinge Runestone , which tells of a war band in Eastern Europe.
Other runestones mention men who died on Viking expeditions. Among them include the England runestones Swedish : Englandsstenarna which is a group of about 30 runestones in Sweden which refer to Viking Age voyages to England.
They were engraved in Old Norse with the Younger Futhark. The Jelling stones date from between and The older, smaller stone was raised by King Gorm the Old , the last pagan king of Denmark, as a memorial honouring Queen Thyre.
It has three sides: one with an animal image, one with an image of the crucified Jesus Christ, and a third bearing the following inscription:.
Runestones attest to voyages to locations such as Bath ,  Greece how the Vikings referred to the Byzantium territories generally ,  Khwaresm ,  Jerusalem ,  Italy as Langobardland ,  Serkland i.
Viking Age inscriptions have also been discovered on the Manx runestones on the Isle of Man. The last known people to use the Runic alphabet were an isolated group of people known as the Elfdalians , that lived in the locality of Älvdalen in the Swedish province of Dalarna.
They spoke the language of Elfdalian , the language unique to Älvdalen. The Elfdalian language differentiates itself from the other Scandinavian languages as it evolved much closer to Old Norse.
The people of Älvdalen stopped using runes as late as the s. Usage of runes therefore survived longer in Älvdalen than anywhere else in the world.
Traditionally regarded as a Swedish dialect,  but by several criteria closer related to West Scandinavian dialects,  Elfdalian is a separate language by the standard of mutual intelligibility.
Residents in the area who speak only Swedish as their sole native language, neither speaking nor understanding Elfdalian, are also common.
Älvdalen can be said to have had its own alphabet during the 17th and 18th century. Today there are about 2, native speakers of Elfdalian.
The burial practices of the Vikings were quite varied, from dug graves in the ground, to tumuli , sometimes including so-called ship burials.
According to written sources, most of the funerals took place at sea. The funerals involved either burial or cremation , depending on local customs.
In the area that is now Sweden, cremations were predominant; in Denmark burial was more common; and in Norway both were common. There have been several archaeological finds of Viking ships of all sizes, providing knowledge of the craftsmanship that went into building them.
There were many types of Viking ships, built for various uses; the best-known type is probably the longship.
The longship had a long, narrow hull and shallow draught to facilitate landings and troop deployments in shallow water. Longships were used extensively by the Leidang , the Scandinavian defence fleets.
The longship allowed the Norse to go Viking , which might explain why this type of ship has become almost synonymous with the concept of Vikings.
The Vikings built many unique types of watercraft, often used for more peaceful tasks. The knarr was a dedicated merchant vessel designed to carry cargo in bulk.
It had a broader hull, deeper draught, and a small number of oars used primarily to manoeuvre in harbours and similar situations.
One Viking innovation was the ' beitass ', a spar mounted to the sail that allowed their ships to sail effectively against the wind.
Ships were an integral part of the Viking culture. They facilitated everyday transportation across seas and waterways, exploration of new lands, raids, conquests, and trade with neighbouring cultures.
They also held a major religious importance. People with high status were sometimes buried in a ship along with animal sacrifices, weapons, provisions and other items, as evidenced by the buried vessels at Gokstad and Oseberg in Norway  and the excavated ship burial at Ladby in Denmark.
Ship burials were also practised by Vikings abroad, as evidenced by the excavations of the Salme ships on the Estonian island of Saaremaa.
Well-preserved remains of five Viking ships were excavated from Roskilde Fjord in the late s, representing both the longship and the knarr.
The ships were scuttled there in the 11th century to block a navigation channel and thus protect Roskilde , then the Danish capital, from seaborne assault.
The remains of these ships are on display at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde. In , archaeologists uncovered two Viking boat graves in Gamla Uppsala.
They also discovered that one of the boats still holds the remains of a man, a dog, and a horse, along with other items. Viking society was divided into the three socio-economic classes: Thralls, Karls and Jarls.
Archaeology has confirmed this social structure. Thralls were the lowest ranking class and were slaves.
Slaves comprised as much as a quarter of the population. Thralls were servants and workers in the farms and larger households of the Karls and Jarls, and they were used for constructing fortifications, ramps, canals, mounds, roads and similar hard work projects.
According to the Rigsthula, Thralls were despised and looked down upon. New thralls were supplied by either the sons and daughters of thralls or captured abroad.
The Vikings often deliberately captured many people on their raids in Europe, to enslave them as thralls. The thralls were then brought back home to Scandinavia by boat, used on location or in newer settlements to build needed structures, or sold, often to the Arabs in exchange for silver.
Karls were free peasants. They owned farms, land and cattle and engaged in daily chores like ploughing the fields, milking the cattle, building houses and wagons, but used thralls to make ends meet.
Other names for Karls were 'bonde' or simply free men. The Jarls were the aristocracy of the Viking society. They were wealthy and owned large estates with huge longhouses, horses and many thralls.
The thralls did most of the daily chores, while the Jarls did administration, politics, hunting, sports, visited other Jarls or went abroad on expeditions.
When a Jarl died and was buried, his household thralls were sometimes sacrificially killed and buried next to him, as many excavations have revealed.
In daily life, there were many intermediate positions in the overall social structure and it is believed that there must have been some social mobility.
These details are unclear, but titles and positions like hauldr , thegn , landmand , show mobility between the Karls and the Jarls.
Members of the latter were referred to as drenge , one of the words for warrior. Das Christentum nahm sich dieses Symbol ebenfalls an, als Weihe und Apostelkreuz.
Dieses Symbol ist ein uraltes Symbol, man findet es in Indien, Kleinasien sowie bei den Sumerern bzw. Mesopotamien und vielen anderen Kulturen.
Bestimmt man aber nun das Alter aller Hakenkreuzfunde, so kommt man zu dem Ergebnis das die ältesten Funde in dem uns heute bekannten Europa liegen.
Man findet die Swastika oder das Hakenkreuz bzw. Sonnenrad an, oder auf hunderten von Fundstücke, welche germanischen Ursprung sind.
Geht man noch weiter in der Zeit zurück, vorgermanische Geschichte bzw. Inhalt dieses Beitrags sind Wikingische bzw.
Die Berührungen wurden schärfer und sicherer — der genaue Blick wurde unterstrichen und das Geräusch aus dem Gesicht entfernt. Dem Helm wurde ein dunkelviolettes Band hinzugefügt.
Darüber hinaus ist das Logo eng mit Minnesota verbunden, da es das historische Erbe dieser administrativ-territorialen Einheit widerspiegelt. Im sportlichen Kontext symbolisiert es Willenskraft, einen unerschütterlichen Geist und den Wunsch zu gewinnen.
The Triquetra or the Trinity Knot is comprised one continuous line interweaving around itself, meaning no beginning or end, or eternal spiritual life.
A similar design was found on the Funbo Runestone found in Uppland, Sweden seen to the right. Originally, the Triquetra was associated with the Celtic Mother Goddess and depicted her triune nature the maiden, the mother, and the wise, old woman.
The triple identity was an essential feature in many aspects of druidic belief and practice. Mjölnir me-OL-neer means grinder, crusher, hammer and is also associated with thunder and lightning.
When the Vikings saw lightning, and heard thunder in a howling storm, they knew that Thor had used Mjölnir to send another giant to his doom.
Thor was the son of Odin and Fyorgyn a. He was the god of thunder and the god of war and one of the most popular figures in all of Norse mythology.
Mjölnir is known for its ability to destroy mountains. But it was not just a weapon. Loki made a bet with two dwarves, Brokkr and Sindri or Eitri that they could not make something better than the items created by the Sons of Ivaldi the dwarves who created Odin's spear Gungnir and Freyr's foldable boat skioblaonir.
Then he gave the hammer to Thor, and said that Thor might smite as hard as he desired, whatsoever might be before him, and the hammer would not fail; and if he threw it at anything, it would never miss, and never fly so far as not to return to his hand; and if be desired, he might keep it in his sark, it was so small; but indeed it was a flaw in the hammer that the fore-haft handle was somewhat short.
Thor also used Mjölnir to hallow, or to bless. With Mjölnir, Thor could bring some things such as the goats who drew his chariot back to life.
Thor was invoked at weddings, at births, and at special ceremonies for these abilities to bless, make holy, and protect.
Hundreds of Mjölnir amulets have been discovered in Viking graves and other Norse archaeological sites. Some experts have postulated that these amulets became increasingly popular as Vikings came into contact with Christians, as a way to differentiate themselves as followers of the Old Ways and not the strange faith of their enemies.
This may or may not be true. Certainly, amulets of many kinds have been in use since pre-historic times. Interestingly, Mjölnir amulets were still worn by Norse Christians sometimes in conjunction with a cross after the Old Ways began to fade, so we can see that the symbol still had great meaning even after its relevance to religion had changed.
With its association with Thor, the protector god of war and the of nature's awe, the Mjölnir stands for power, strength, bravery, good luck, and protection from all harm.
It is also an easily-recognizable sign that one holds the Old Ways in respect. Viking Axe The most famous, and perhaps most common, Viking weapon was the axe.
Viking axes ranged in size from hand axes similar to tomahawks to long-hafted battle axes. Unlike the axes usually depicted in fantasy illustrations, Viking axes were single-bitted to make them faster and more maneuverable.
Viking axes were sometimes "bearded," which is to say that the lower portion of the axe head was hook-shaped to facilitate catching and pulling shield rims or limbs.
The axe required far less iron, time, or skill to produce than a sword; and because it was an important tool on farms and homesteads, the Norse would have had them in hand since childhood.
The Viking axe would make the Norsemen famous, and even after the Viking Age waned, the descendants of the Vikings such as the Varangians of Byzantium or the Galloglass of Ireland would be sought after as bodyguards or elite mercenaries specifically for their axe skill.
As the Vikings traveled East into lands held by the Balts and Slavs, they encountered peoples who worshipped a god called Perun a. Perun was a sky god and a god of thunder, like Thor.
Like Thor, Perun was the champion of mankind, a protector from evil and slayer of monsters. Like Thor, he was a cheerful, invincible, red-bearded warrior who traversed the heavens in a goat-drawn chariot.
The biggest difference between Perun and Thor seems to be that while Thor fought with his mighty hammer, Mjolnir, Perun fought with an axe.
Even as numerous Mjolnir amulets have been discovered in Viking Age sites in Scandinavia, many axe-shaped amulets have been discovered in the Baltic, Russia, and Ukraine.
This may indicate that as Vikings found new homes in the lands that are now Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, and Latvia they found common ground with the people there through the shared characteristics of gods like Thor and Perun.
As a symbol, the axe stands for bravery, strength, and audacity. It is a reminder of heritage and the accomplishments of ancestors who bent the world to their will using only what they had.
It is a symbol of the berserker, and all that entails. It conveys the heart or mind's ability to cut through that which holds one back and to forge boldly ahead.
All nine worlds or nine dimensions are entwined in its branches and its roots. Les vikings , eux n'enterrant pas leurs morts, utilisaient ce symbole pour rendre hommage aux guerriers nordiques, braves et reconnus!
Vous souhaitez en savoir plus sur le dieu Odin? Enfin, l'un des symboles nordiques les plus puissants demeure aujourd'hui encore le Heaume de Awe.
Hier sind die wichtigsten nordischen Symbole, die Sie auch als Inspiration für Ihr nächstes Tattoo nutzen können. Ohne Zweifel ist Valknut eines der bekanntesten und beliebtesten Wikinger Symbole.
Auch bekannt als Odins Knoten und Hrungnir-Herz, die drei ineinander verschlungenen Dreiecke werden als das Symbol von Odin betrachtet. Deswegen symbolisiert das Valknut das Leben nach dem Tod.
Manchmal repräsentiert es die Kraft und Stärke der Seele, wenn sie mit Todesgöttern oder anderen schrecklichen Umständen kämpft.
Yggdrasil ist nicht nur eines der markantesten Wikinger Symbole, sondern auch ein wichtiges Element des nordischen Glaubens.
Ruler of one of England's ancient kingdoms and the first to be attacked by Ragnar. He killed Ragnar by throwing him into a pit of snakes and was executed by Bjorn as retribution for Ragnar's death.
Floki's long-suffering lover and wife. Murdered by her own adopted daughter who shortly after committed suicide.
A woman of Kattegat and Eyvind's wife. She joins Floki's expedition to set up a colony. Her brother was killed by Kjetill's father prior to the events of the series.
She is killed by Kjetill. A powerful warlord of an earldom in Götaland. He has a wife, Torvi, and a son, Guthrum. He was killed by Ragnar with the Blood Eagle, for having attacked his people and his family.
King Horik's first son. He is cruel and spiteful. After the death of his father, he seeks vengeance against Ragnar and his family.
He ends up marrying Torvi and conspires with Kalf to ruin Ragnar. He is killed by Torvi after frequently threatening Torvi's son Guthrum.
Lagertha's second husband and Earl of Hedeby. He is killed by Lagertha after multiple incidents of abuse. An influential advisor at the court of King Ecbert.
Based on the historical Eadmund of Winchester. Bjorn's love interest. She has a daughter, Siggy. A scheming troublemaker, and ally of Earl Sigvard of Hedeby.
He later betrays Sigvard and helps Lagertha gain power in Hedeby. When Lagertha rejects his advances, he helps Kalf gain power in Hedeby.
In the end, he is injured by Kalf and killed by Lagertha. She has a legitimate son with Aethelwulf, Aethelred, and an illegitimate one with Athelstan, Alfred.
Based on the historical Judith of Flanders. Pretender to the throne of Mercia. She has a brother, Prince Burgred, and a putative illegitimate son with Ragnar, Magnus.
She is stabbed by Judith. Based on the historical Cwenthryth. The rebellious brother of Kwenthrith.
Based on the historical Burgred of Mercia. He is poisoned by Kwenthrith who becomes Queen of Mercia. Prince Aethelwulf and Princess Judith's son.
A friend of Earl Kalf's and an ally to King Ragnar. He is killed at the Siege of Paris. Loosely based on the Norse chief Sigfred who took part in the Siege of Paris — Sinric Sindric from season 5 onwards is a wanderer who taught Ragnar about England and Frankia, and who serves as a translator for the Northmen.
Loosely based on the Norse chief Sinric who took part in the Siege of Paris — Son of Judith and Athelstan. Broadly based on the historical Alfred the Great.
In charge of defending the city from the Vikings. Based on the historical Odo of France. He is flogged to death by Roland on Emperor Charles's orders.
Daughter of Emperor Charles and later wedded to Duke Rollo. Based on the historical or legendary Gisela of France.